Data Loading / Unloading DDL


Modifies a limited set of properties for an existing pipe object. Also supports the following operations:

  • Pausing the pipe.

  • Refreshing a pipe (i.e. copying the specified staged data files to the Snowpipe ingest queue for loading into the target table).

  • Adding/overwriting/removing a comment for a pipe.

  • Setting/unsetting a tag on a pipe.

See also:



ALTER PIPE [ IF EXISTS ] <name> SET { [ objectProperties ]
                                      [ COMMENT = '<string_literal>' ] }

ALTER PIPE <name> SET TAG <tag_name> = '<tag_value>' [ , <tag_name> = '<tag_value>' ... ]

ALTER PIPE <name> UNSET TAG <tag_name> [ , <tag_name> ... ]

ALTER PIPE [ IF EXISTS ] <name> UNSET { <property_name> | COMMENT } [ , ... ]

ALTER PIPE [ IF EXISTS ] <name> REFRESH { [ PREFIX = '<path>' ] [ MODIFIED_AFTER = <start_time> ] }


objectProperties ::=



Specifies the identifier for the pipe to alter. If the identifier contains spaces or special characters, the entire string must be enclosed in double quotes. Identifiers enclosed in double quotes are also case-sensitive.

SET ...

Specifies one (or more) properties to set for the pipe (separated by blank spaces, commas, or new lines):

ERROR_INTEGRATION = 'integration_name'

Required only when configuring Snowpipe to send error notifications to a cloud messaging service. Specifies the name of the notification integration used to communicate with the messaging service. For more information, see Snowpipe Error Notifications.


Supported as a preview feature.


Specifies whether to pause a running pipe, typically in preparation for transferring ownership of the pipe:

  • TRUE pauses the pipe. The executionState reported by SYSTEM$PIPE_STATUS is PAUSED. Note that the pipe owner can continue to submit files to a paused pipe; however, they won’t be processed until the pipe is resumed.

  • FALSE resumes the pipe. The executionState reported by SYSTEM$PIPE_STATUS is RUNNING.


    Either of the following scenarios requires forcing a pipe to resume by calling the SYSTEM$PIPE_FORCE_RESUME function:

    • Transferring ownership of the pipe to another role. This requirement allows the new owner to evaluate the pipe status and determine how many files are waiting to be loaded by calling the SYSTEM$PIPE_STATUS function.

    • Allowing a pipe object that leverages cloud messaging to trigger data loads (i.e. where AUTO_INGEST = TRUE in the pipe definition) to become stale. A pipe is considered stale when it is paused for longer than the limited retention period for event messages received for the pipe (14 days by default).

Default: FALSE (the pipe is running by default)

TAG tag_name = 'tag_value' [ , tag_name = 'tag_value' , ... ]

Specifies the tag name and the tag string value.

The tag value is always a string, and the maximum number of characters for the tag value is 256. The maximum number of unique tags that can be set on an object is 20. For more information, see Tag Quotas for Objects/Columns.

COMMENT = 'string'

Adds a comment or overwrites an existing comment for the pipe.


Specifies one (or more) properties to unset for the pipe, which resets them to the defaults:


  • TAG tag_name [ , tag_name ... ]


You can reset multiple properties with a single ALTER statement; however, each property must be separated by a comma. When resetting a property, specify only the name; specifying a value for the property will return an error.


Copies a set of staged data files to the Snowpipe ingest queue for loading into the target table. This clause accepts an optional path and can further filter the list of files to load based on a specified start time.


  • This SQL command can only load data files that were staged within the last 7 days.

  • This SQL command checks the load history for both the pipe and the target table. As a result, the command queues only those files that were not loaded already using either:

    • The same pipe, provided the pipe owner did not recreate the pipe after the files were loaded.

    • A COPY INTO <table> statement.


The REFRESH functionality is intended for short term use to resolve specific issues when Snowpipe fails to load a subset of files and is not intended for regular use.

PREFIX = 'path'

Path (or prefix) appended to the stage reference in the pipe definition. The path limits the set of files to load. Only files that start with the specified path are included in the data load.

For example, suppose the pipe definition references @mystage/path1/. If the path value is d1/, the ALTER PIPE statement limits loads to files in the @mystage stage with the /path1/d1/ path. See the examples for more information.

Note that the path must be enclosed in single quotes.

MODIFIED_AFTER = 'start_time'

Timestamp (in ISO-8601 format) of the oldest data files to copy into the Snowpipe ingest queue based on the LAST_MODIFIED date (i.e. date when a file was staged).

The default value is 7 days.

Usage Notes

  • Only the pipe owner (i.e. the role with the OWNERSHIP privilege on the pipe) can set or unset properties on a pipe.

    A non-owner role with the following minimum privileges can refresh a pipe (using ALTER PIPE … REFRESH …):







    Stage in the pipe definition

    External stages only


    Stage in the pipe definition

    Internal stages only


    Table in the pipe defintion

    A non-owner role with the OPERATE privilege on the pipe can pause or resume a pipe (using ALTER PIPE … SET PIPE_EXECUTION_PAUSED = TRUE | FALSE).

    SQL operations on schema objects also require the USAGE privilege on the database and schema that contain the object.

  • Currently, it is not possible to modify the following pipe properties using an ALTER PIPE statement:

    Instead, recreate the pipe using a CREATE OR REPLACE PIPE statement.

  • Regarding metadata:


    Customers should ensure that no personal data (other than for a User object), sensitive data, export-controlled data, or other regulated data is entered as metadata when using the Snowflake service. For more information, see Metadata Fields in Snowflake.


Pause the mypipe pipe:

alter pipe mypipe SET PIPE_EXECUTION_PAUSED = true;

Add or modify the comment for pipe mypipe:

alter pipe mypipe SET COMMENT = "Pipe for North American sales data";

Refreshing a Pipe

Set up for examples:

CREATE PIPE mypipe AS COPY INTO mytable FROM @mystage/path1/;

Load data files from the @mystage/path1/ stage and path into the mytable table, as defined in the mypipe pipe definition:


Same as the previous example, but append d1 to the path to further limit the list of files to load. In the current example, the statement loads files from the @mystage/path1/d1/ stage and path:


Same as the previous example, but only load files staged after a specified timestamp:

ALTER PIPE mypipe REFRESH PREFIX='d1/' MODIFIED_AFTER='2018-07-30T13:56:46-07:00';
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