snowflake.ml.modeling.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier

class snowflake.ml.modeling.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier(*, loss='log_loss', learning_rate=0.1, n_estimators=100, subsample=1.0, criterion='friedman_mse', min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_depth=3, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, init=None, random_state=None, max_features=None, verbose=0, max_leaf_nodes=None, warm_start=False, validation_fraction=0.1, n_iter_no_change=None, tol=0.0001, ccp_alpha=0.0, input_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, output_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, label_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, passthrough_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, drop_input_cols: Optional[bool] = False, sample_weight_col: Optional[str] = None)

Bases: BaseTransformer

Gradient Boosting for classification For more details on this class, see sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier

Parameters:
  • input_cols (Optional[Union[str, List[str]]]) – A string or list of strings representing column names that contain features. If this parameter is not specified, all columns in the input DataFrame except the columns specified by label_cols, sample_weight_col, and passthrough_cols parameters are considered input columns. Input columns can also be set after initialization with the set_input_cols method.

  • label_cols (Optional[Union[str, List[str]]]) – A string or list of strings representing column names that contain labels. Label columns must be specified with this parameter during initialization or with the set_label_cols method before fitting.

  • output_cols (Optional[Union[str, List[str]]]) – A string or list of strings representing column names that will store the output of predict and transform operations. The length of output_cols must match the expected number of output columns from the specific predictor or transformer class used. If you omit this parameter, output column names are derived by adding an OUTPUT_ prefix to the label column names for supervised estimators, or OUTPUT_<IDX>for unsupervised estimators. These inferred output column names work for predictors, but output_cols must be set explicitly for transformers. In general, explicitly specifying output column names is clearer, especially if you don’t specify the input column names. To transform in place, pass the same names for input_cols and output_cols. be set explicitly for transformers. Output columns can also be set after initialization with the set_output_cols method.

  • sample_weight_col (Optional[str]) – A string representing the column name containing the sample weights. This argument is only required when working with weighted datasets. Sample weight column can also be set after initialization with the set_sample_weight_col method.

  • passthrough_cols (Optional[Union[str, List[str]]]) – A string or a list of strings indicating column names to be excluded from any operations (such as train, transform, or inference). These specified column(s) will remain untouched throughout the process. This option is helpful in scenarios requiring automatic input_cols inference, but need to avoid using specific columns, like index columns, during training or inference. Passthrough columns can also be set after initialization with the set_passthrough_cols method.

  • drop_input_cols (Optional[bool], default=False) – If set, the response of predict(), transform() methods will not contain input columns.

  • loss ({'log_loss', 'exponential'}, default='log_loss') – The loss function to be optimized. ‘log_loss’ refers to binomial and multinomial deviance, the same as used in logistic regression. It is a good choice for classification with probabilistic outputs. For loss ‘exponential’, gradient boosting recovers the AdaBoost algorithm.

  • learning_rate (float, default=0.1) – Learning rate shrinks the contribution of each tree by learning_rate. There is a trade-off between learning_rate and n_estimators. Values must be in the range [0.0, inf).

  • n_estimators (int, default=100) – The number of boosting stages to perform. Gradient boosting is fairly robust to over-fitting so a large number usually results in better performance. Values must be in the range [1, inf).

  • subsample (float, default=1.0) – The fraction of samples to be used for fitting the individual base learners. If smaller than 1.0 this results in Stochastic Gradient Boosting. subsample interacts with the parameter n_estimators. Choosing subsample < 1.0 leads to a reduction of variance and an increase in bias. Values must be in the range (0.0, 1.0].

  • criterion ({'friedman_mse', 'squared_error'}, default='friedman_mse') – The function to measure the quality of a split. Supported criteria are ‘friedman_mse’ for the mean squared error with improvement score by Friedman, ‘squared_error’ for mean squared error. The default value of ‘friedman_mse’ is generally the best as it can provide a better approximation in some cases.

  • min_samples_split (int or float, default=2) –

    The minimum number of samples required to split an internal node:

    • If int, values must be in the range [2, inf).

    • If float, values must be in the range (0.0, 1.0] and min_samples_split will be ceil(min_samples_split * n_samples).

  • min_samples_leaf (int or float, default=1) –

    The minimum number of samples required to be at a leaf node. A split point at any depth will only be considered if it leaves at least min_samples_leaf training samples in each of the left and right branches. This may have the effect of smoothing the model, especially in regression.

    • If int, values must be in the range [1, inf).

    • If float, values must be in the range (0.0, 1.0) and min_samples_leaf will be ceil(min_samples_leaf * n_samples).

  • min_weight_fraction_leaf (float, default=0.0) – The minimum weighted fraction of the sum total of weights (of all the input samples) required to be at a leaf node. Samples have equal weight when sample_weight is not provided. Values must be in the range [0.0, 0.5].

  • max_depth (int or None, default=3) – Maximum depth of the individual regression estimators. The maximum depth limits the number of nodes in the tree. Tune this parameter for best performance; the best value depends on the interaction of the input variables. If None, then nodes are expanded until all leaves are pure or until all leaves contain less than min_samples_split samples. If int, values must be in the range [1, inf).

  • min_impurity_decrease (float, default=0.0) –

    A node will be split if this split induces a decrease of the impurity greater than or equal to this value. Values must be in the range [0.0, inf).

    The weighted impurity decrease equation is the following:

    N_t / N * (impurity - N_t_R / N_t * right_impurity
                        - N_t_L / N_t * left_impurity)
    
    Copy

    where N is the total number of samples, N_t is the number of samples at the current node, N_t_L is the number of samples in the left child, and N_t_R is the number of samples in the right child.

    N, N_t, N_t_R and N_t_L all refer to the weighted sum, if sample_weight is passed.

  • init (estimator or 'zero', default=None) – An estimator object that is used to compute the initial predictions. init has to provide fit and predict_proba. If ‘zero’, the initial raw predictions are set to zero. By default, a DummyEstimator predicting the classes priors is used.

  • random_state (int, RandomState instance or None, default=None) – Controls the random seed given to each Tree estimator at each boosting iteration. In addition, it controls the random permutation of the features at each split (see Notes for more details). It also controls the random splitting of the training data to obtain a validation set if n_iter_no_change is not None. Pass an int for reproducible output across multiple function calls. See Glossary.

  • max_features ({'sqrt', 'log2'}, int or float, default=None) –

    The number of features to consider when looking for the best split:

    • If int, values must be in the range [1, inf).

    • If float, values must be in the range (0.0, 1.0] and the features considered at each split will be max(1, int(max_features * n_features_in_)).

    • If ‘sqrt’, then max_features=sqrt(n_features).

    • If ‘log2’, then max_features=log2(n_features).

    • If None, then max_features=n_features.

    Choosing max_features < n_features leads to a reduction of variance and an increase in bias.

    Note: the search for a split does not stop until at least one valid partition of the node samples is found, even if it requires to effectively inspect more than max_features features.

  • verbose (int, default=0) – Enable verbose output. If 1 then it prints progress and performance once in a while (the more trees the lower the frequency). If greater than 1 then it prints progress and performance for every tree. Values must be in the range [0, inf).

  • max_leaf_nodes (int, default=None) – Grow trees with max_leaf_nodes in best-first fashion. Best nodes are defined as relative reduction in impurity. Values must be in the range [2, inf). If None, then unlimited number of leaf nodes.

  • warm_start (bool, default=False) – When set to True, reuse the solution of the previous call to fit and add more estimators to the ensemble, otherwise, just erase the previous solution. See the Glossary.

  • validation_fraction (float, default=0.1) – The proportion of training data to set aside as validation set for early stopping. Values must be in the range (0.0, 1.0). Only used if n_iter_no_change is set to an integer.

  • n_iter_no_change (int, default=None) – n_iter_no_change is used to decide if early stopping will be used to terminate training when validation score is not improving. By default it is set to None to disable early stopping. If set to a number, it will set aside validation_fraction size of the training data as validation and terminate training when validation score is not improving in all of the previous n_iter_no_change numbers of iterations. The split is stratified. Values must be in the range [1, inf).

  • tol (float, default=1e-4) – Tolerance for the early stopping. When the loss is not improving by at least tol for n_iter_no_change iterations (if set to a number), the training stops. Values must be in the range [0.0, inf).

  • ccp_alpha (non-negative float, default=0.0) – Complexity parameter used for Minimal Cost-Complexity Pruning. The subtree with the largest cost complexity that is smaller than ccp_alpha will be chosen. By default, no pruning is performed. Values must be in the range [0.0, inf). See minimal_cost_complexity_pruning for details.

Base class for all transformers.

Methods

decision_function(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame], output_cols_prefix: str = 'decision_function_') Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]

Compute the decision function of X For more details on this function, see sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier.decision_function

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:
  • dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

  • output_cols_prefix – str Prefix for the response columns

Returns:

Output dataset with results of the decision function for the samples in input dataset.

fit(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]) BaseEstimator

Runs universal logics for all fit implementations.

fit_transform(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame], output_cols_prefix: str = 'fit_transform_') Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]

Method not supported for this class.

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:

dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

output_cols_prefix: Prefix for the response columns :returns: Transformed dataset.

get_input_cols() List[str]

Input columns getter.

Returns:

Input columns.

get_label_cols() List[str]

Label column getter.

Returns:

Label column(s).

get_output_cols() List[str]

Output columns getter.

Returns:

Output columns.

get_params(deep: bool = True) Dict[str, Any]

Get parameters for this transformer.

Parameters:

deep – If True, will return the parameters for this transformer and contained subobjects that are transformers.

Returns:

Parameter names mapped to their values.

get_passthrough_cols() List[str]

Passthrough columns getter.

Returns:

Passthrough column(s).

get_sample_weight_col() Optional[str]

Sample weight column getter.

Returns:

Sample weight column.

get_sklearn_args(default_sklearn_obj: Optional[object] = None, sklearn_initial_keywords: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, sklearn_unused_keywords: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, snowml_only_keywords: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]] = None, sklearn_added_keyword_to_version_dict: Optional[Dict[str, str]] = None, sklearn_added_kwarg_value_to_version_dict: Optional[Dict[str, Dict[str, str]]] = None, sklearn_deprecated_keyword_to_version_dict: Optional[Dict[str, str]] = None, sklearn_removed_keyword_to_version_dict: Optional[Dict[str, str]] = None) Dict[str, Any]

Get sklearn keyword arguments.

This method enables modifying object parameters for special cases.

Parameters:
  • default_sklearn_obj – Sklearn object used to get default parameter values. Necessary when sklearn_added_keyword_to_version_dict is provided.

  • sklearn_initial_keywords – Initial keywords in sklearn.

  • sklearn_unused_keywords – Sklearn keywords that are unused in snowml.

  • snowml_only_keywords – snowml only keywords not present in sklearn.

  • sklearn_added_keyword_to_version_dict – Added keywords mapped to the sklearn versions in which they were added.

  • sklearn_added_kwarg_value_to_version_dict – Added keyword argument values mapped to the sklearn versions in which they were added.

  • sklearn_deprecated_keyword_to_version_dict – Deprecated keywords mapped to the sklearn versions in which they were deprecated.

  • sklearn_removed_keyword_to_version_dict – Removed keywords mapped to the sklearn versions in which they were removed.

Returns:

Sklearn parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]) Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]

Predict class for X For more details on this function, see sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier.predict

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:

dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

Returns:

Transformed dataset.

predict_log_proba(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame], output_cols_prefix: str = 'predict_log_proba_') Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]

Predict class probabilities for X For more details on this function, see sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier.predict_proba

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:
  • dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

  • output_cols_prefix – str Prefix for the response columns

Returns:

Output dataset with log probability of the sample for each class in the model.

predict_proba(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame], output_cols_prefix: str = 'predict_proba_') Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]

Predict class probabilities for X For more details on this function, see sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier.predict_proba

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:
  • dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

  • output_cols_prefix – Prefix for the response columns

Returns:

Output dataset with probability of the sample for each class in the model.

score(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]) float

Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels For more details on this function, see sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier.score

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:

dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

Returns:

Score.

score_samples(dataset: Union[DataFrame, DataFrame], output_cols_prefix: str = 'score_samples_') Union[DataFrame, DataFrame]

Method not supported for this class.

Raises:

TypeError – Supported dataset types: snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame.

Parameters:
  • dataset – Union[snowflake.snowpark.DataFrame, pandas.DataFrame] Snowpark or Pandas DataFrame.

  • output_cols_prefix – Prefix for the response columns

Returns:

Output dataset with probability of the sample for each class in the model.

set_drop_input_cols(drop_input_cols: Optional[bool] = False) None
set_input_cols(input_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]]) GradientBoostingClassifier

Input columns setter.

Parameters:

input_cols – A single input column or multiple input columns.

Returns:

self

set_label_cols(label_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]]) Base

Label column setter.

Parameters:

label_cols – A single label column or multiple label columns if multi task learning.

Returns:

self

set_output_cols(output_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]]) Base

Output columns setter.

Parameters:

output_cols – A single output column or multiple output columns.

Returns:

self

set_params(**params: Dict[str, Any]) None

Set the parameters of this transformer.

The method works on simple transformers as well as on nested objects. The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters:

**params – Transformer parameter names mapped to their values.

Raises:

SnowflakeMLException – Invalid parameter keys.

set_passthrough_cols(passthrough_cols: Optional[Union[str, Iterable[str]]]) Base

Passthrough columns setter.

Parameters:

passthrough_cols – Column(s) that should not be used or modified by the estimator/transformer. Estimator/Transformer just passthrough these columns without any modifications.

Returns:

self

set_sample_weight_col(sample_weight_col: Optional[str]) Base

Sample weight column setter.

Parameters:

sample_weight_col – A single column that represents sample weight.

Returns:

self

to_sklearn() Any

Get sklearn.ensemble.GradientBoostingClassifier object.

Attributes

model_signatures

Returns model signature of current class.

Raises:

SnowflakeMLException – If estimator is not fitted, then model signature cannot be inferred

Returns:

Dict with each method and its input output signature