snow sql

Executes Snowflake query.

Syntax

snow sql
  --query <query>
  --filename <files>
  --stdin
  --variable <data_override>
  --project <project_definition>
  --env <env_overrides>
  --connection <connection>
  --account <account>
  --user <user>
  --password <password>
  --authenticator <authenticator>
  --private-key-path <private_key_path>
  --database <database>
  --schema <schema>
  --role <role>
  --warehouse <warehouse>
  --temporary-connection
  --mfa-passcode <mfa_passcode>
  --enable-diag
  --diag-log-path <diag_log_path>
  --diag-allowlist-path <diag_allowlist_path>
  --format <format>
  --verbose
  --debug
  --silent
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Arguments

None

Options

--query, -q TEXT

Query to execute.

--filename, -f FILE

File to execute.

--stdin, -i

Read the query from standard input. Use it when piping input to this command.

--variable, -D TEXT

String in format of key=value. If provided the SQL content will be treated as template and rendered using provided data.

-p, --project TEXT

Path where Snowflake project resides. Defaults to current working directory.

--env TEXT

String in format of key=value. Overrides variables from env section used for templating.

--connection, -c, --environment TEXT

Name of the connection, as defined in your config.toml. Default: default.

--account, --accountname TEXT

Name assigned to your Snowflake account. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--user, --username TEXT

Username to connect to Snowflake. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--password TEXT

Snowflake password. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--authenticator TEXT

Snowflake authenticator. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--private-key-path TEXT

Snowflake private key path. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--database, --dbname TEXT

Database to use. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--schema, --schemaname TEXT

Database schema to use. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--role, --rolename TEXT

Role to use. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--warehouse TEXT

Warehouse to use. Overrides the value specified for the connection.

--temporary-connection, -x

Uses connection defined with command line parameters, instead of one defined in config.

--mfa-passcode TEXT

Token to use for multi-factor authentication (MFA).

--enable-diag

Run python connector diagnostic test.

--diag-log-path TEXT

Diagnostic report path.

--diag-allowlist-path TEXT

Diagnostic report path to optional allowlist.

--format [TABLE|JSON]

Specifies the output format.

--verbose, -v

Displays log entries for log levels info and higher.

--debug

Displays log entries for log levels debug and higher; debug logs contains additional information.

--silent

Turns off intermediate output to console.

--help

Displays the help text for this command.

Usage notes

You can specify the SQL query to execute using one of the following options

  • Specify the query string using the --query option.

  • Use the --filename option to specify a file that contains the SQL query or queries to execute.

  • Specify the query as stdin and pipe it to the snow sql command, such as cat my.sql | snow sql.

  • If your query contains special characters, such as the dollar sign in SYSTEM functions, that you do not want the shell to interpret, you can do either of the following:

    • Enclose the query in single quotes instead of double quotes, as in:

      snow sql -q 'SELECT SYSTEM$CLIENT_VERSION_INFO()'

    • Escape the special character, as in:

      snow sql -q "SELECT SYSTEM\$CLIENT_VERSION_INFO()"

  • Use variables for templating SQL queries with a combination of a &{ variable_name } placeholder in your SQL queries and a -D command-line option, in the form:

    snow sql -q "select * from my-database order by &{ column_name }" -D "column_name=Country"
    
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Examples

  • The following example uses the SQL SYSTEM$CLIENT_VERSION_INFO system function to return version information about the clients and drivers.

    snow sql --query 'SELECT SYSTEM$CLIENT_VERSION_INFO();'
    
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    select current_version();
    +-------------------+
    | CURRENT_VERSION() |
    |-------------------|
    | 8.25.1            |
    +-------------------+
    
  • The following example shows how you can specify a database using a client-side variable:

    snow sql -q "select * from &{ database }.logs" -D "database=dev"
    
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    When executed, the command substitutes the value dev in the &{ database } variable to create the dev.logs identifier and then sends the select * from dev.logs SQL query to Snowflake for processing.

    Note

    You can currently use the SnowSQL &variable_name syntax for templates. However, Snowflake recommends using the &{ variable_name } syntax.

  • This example shows how to pass in environment variables using the --env option:

    snow sql -q "select '&{ ctx.env.test }'" --env test=value_from_cli
    
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