Granting Privileges for User-Defined Functions

This topic lists the minimum privileges required on objects to perform specific SQL actions with a UDF or UDTF.

In this Topic:

Granting Privileges for UDFs and UDTFs

To perform SQL actions on a UDF or UDTF, the person performing the action must have been assigned a role that has been granted the required privileges. These SQL actions include:

  • Creating the function, such as with CREATE FUNCTION or with the Snowpark API.

  • Owning the function in order to delete, alter, and manage access to the function, whether through SQL or the Snowpark API.

  • Calling the function, whether with SQL or the Snowpark API.

The role must be assigned privileges on objects related to the function, including the database and schema, and (if required) a stage that holds function dependencies.

To grant privileges on an object to a role, use a GRANT statement.

Code in the following example grants to my_role the USAGE privilege on the function my_java_udf.

GRANT USAGE ON FUNCTION my_java_udf(number, number) TO my_role;

Creating UDFs or UDTFs

Creating, managing, and executing a UDF or UDTF requires a role with a minimum of the following privileges:

Object

Privileges

Notes

Database

USAGE

Schema

USAGE, CREATE FUNCTION

Stage

USAGE (external stage) or READ (internal stage)

Required if the function depends on or reads from files on a stage. This would include the following staged files:

  • JAR (Java ARchive) file containing compiled Java source code for a pre-compiled Java UDF.

  • Libraries that the handler code requires as dependencies, including JAR files, Python modules, .zip files, and so on.

  • Files containing content read by code in the handler. This includes unstructured data processed by the handler.

Owning UDFs or UDTFs

After a UDF or UDTF is created, the function owner (that is, a person with the role that has the OWNERSHIP privilege on the function) must have a minimum of the following privileges:

Object

Privilege

Notes

Database

USAGE

Schema

USAGE

Stage

USAGE (external stage) or READ (internal stage)

Required if the function depends on or reads from files on a stage. This would include the following staged files:

  • JAR (Java ARchive) file containing compiled Java source code for a pre-compiled Java UDF.

  • Libraries that the handler code requires as dependencies, including JAR files, Python modules, .zip files, and so on.

  • Files containing content read by code in the handler. This includes unstructured data processed by the handler.

Function

OWNERSHIP

Calling UDFs or UDTFs

A role that calls a UDF or UDTF must have a minimum of the following privileges:

Object

Privilege

Notes

Database

USAGE

Schema

USAGE

Schema that contains the schema-level objects in this table. If the objects are contained in multiple schemas, the USAGE privilege is required on each.

Stage

USAGE (external stage) or READ (internal stage)

Required if the function depends on or reads from files on a stage. This would include the following staged files:

  • JAR (Java ARchive) file containing compiled Java source code for a pre-compiled Java UDF.

  • Libraries that the handler code requires as dependencies, including JAR files, Python modules, .zip files, and so on.

  • Files containing content read by code in the handler. This includes unstructured data processed by the handler.

Function

USAGE

Required when anyone other than the function’s owner will call the function. USAGE on the function must be granted to a role that is assigned to a person who will call the function.

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