Categories:

Geospatial Functions

ST_WITHIN

Returns true if the the first geospatial object is fully contained by the second geospatial object. In other words:

  • The first GEOGRAPHY object g1 is fully contained by the second GEOGRAPHY object g2.

  • The first GEOMETRY object g1 is fully contained by the second GEOMETRY object g2.

Calling ST_WITHIN(g1, g2) is equivalent to calling ST_CONTAINS(g2, g1).

Although ST_COVEREDBY and ST_WITHIN might seem similar, the two functions have subtle differences. For details on the differences between “covered by” and “within”, see the Dimensionally Extended 9-Intersection Model (DE-9IM).

Note

This function does not support using a GeometryCollection or FeatureCollection as input values.

See also:

ST_CONTAINS , ST_COVEREDBY

Syntax

ST_WITHIN( <geography_expression_1> , <geography_expression_2> )

ST_WITHIN( <geometry_expression_1> , <geometry_expression_2> )

Arguments

geography_expression_1

A GEOGRAPHY object that is not a GeometryCollection or FeatureCollection.

geography_expression_2

A GEOGRAPHY object that is not a GeometryCollection or FeatureCollection.

geometry_expression_1

A GEOMETRY object that is not a GeometryCollection or FeatureCollection.

geometry_expression_2

A GEOMETRY object that is not a GeometryCollection or FeatureCollection.

Returns

BOOLEAN.

Examples

GEOGRAPHY Examples

This shows a simple use of the ST_WITHIN function:

create table geospatial_table_01 (g1 GEOGRAPHY, g2 GEOGRAPHY);
insert into geospatial_table_01 (g1, g2) values 
    ('POLYGON((0 0, 3 0, 3 3, 0 3, 0 0))', 'POLYGON((1 1, 2 1, 2 2, 1 2, 1 1))');
SELECT ST_WITHIN(g1, g2) 
    FROM geospatial_table_01;
+-------------------+
| ST_WITHIN(G1, G2) |
|-------------------|
| False             |
+-------------------+
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